Saturday, 10 January 2015

Learn Late Cornish Bit by Bit 22 (Pronouns 3)

Pronouns 3

In English <you> can be either singular or plural, familiar or formal. It is a long time since we used “thee” and “thou” to our nearest and dearest. In Cornish two registers still exist. The familiar singular <che> is widely used in Middle Cornish but in Late Cornish it is much more restricted. Late Cornish makes much greater use of the formal form <whei[1]> for both singular and plural <you>. For the moment we will confine ourselves to the formal form (equivalent to “vous” in French). e.g.

e.g. Descriptive form:

Teg o whei .                                      You are lovely.
O whei Jory?                                    Are you George?
Tho whei hager.                               You are ugly.
Nag o whei Kettern.                         You are not Kate.
Thew an kei whei.                             It is your dog.

e.g. Locative form:

Thero whei e’n gegin.                    You are in the kitchen.
Nag ero whei en gwedhen.            You are not in a tree.
Ero whei ena?                                 Are you there?
Thero whei o perna.                       You are buying.
Nag ero whei o kelly.                     You are not losing.
Ero whei o moas?                           Are you going?

[1] Vowel pronounced as in English [fight]. In SWF/M this is <hwi>. Pronunciation of the vowel may be as in English [feet] or [fight]. 

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