A Little Bit about Pronunciation I
Consonants following vowels affect how we pronounce those vowels. This can be shown by a number of words which differ only in their consonants. Sometimes the differences in vowel sound are quite subtle. In stressed monosyllables, the vowel is (usually) long before a single consonant but short before a double consonant or a cluster of different consonants, e.g.:
car relative (a bit like Eng. [care] but pronounce r )
carr car (vowel like Eng. [cat] but pronounce r)
Ma’n car vy o toas. My relative is coming.
Ma va o lewa y garr. He is driving his car.
el angel (long like Eng. [ale] but pure vowel)
ell can (rhymes with Eng. [fell])
El a dheuth dhe Maria. An angel came to Mary.
Me a ell gweles pictûr. I can see a picture.
pel ball (f) (long like Eng. [pale] but pure vowel)
pell far (rhymes with Eng. [fell])
an bel the ball (fem. noun mutates after an)
bell war, warfare
Ma’n maw o qwary gen pel. The boy is playing with a ball.
Ma va o ponya pell gen y bel. He runs (is running) far with his ball.
Thera bell en pow pell. There was war in a far country.
gwel field (rhymes with Eng. [ale] as above )
gwel view (rhymes with Eng. [ale] as above)
gwell better (rhymes with Eng. [fell])
Ma maw ha pel en gwel. There is a boy and a ball in a field.
Gwell ew genam mos pell.
I prefer to go far. It is better with me to go far.
O chei ew henwys “Gwel an Mor”.
My house is called “Sea View”.
Ma gwell gwel a’n gwel.
There is a better view of the field.
ber spike, spear, spit
berr short, brief
Thera an den coth ow treylya an ber.
The old man was turning the spit.
Ma’n maw o tegy lavrek berr.
The boy was wearing short trousers (shorts).
gwin wine (rhymes with Eng. [been])
gwydn, gwynn white (rhymes with Eng. [bin])
Gwin rüdh ew da genam. I like red wine.
Bes gwin gwydn ew gwell. But white wine is better.
En pow ma nag eus gwell gwin. In this country there is no better wine.
clok cloak (sounds like [clauk] )
clock clock (sounds like Eng. [clock])
Ma clok coth en kist. There is old cloak in a chest.
Cabm ew an clock war an vos. The clock on the wall is wrong.