Verbal particles 4
We looked at the use of <a> as the verbal particle with the preterite (simple past tense) of many verbs.
It follows the subject of the verb, whether that is a pronoun, such as ev, hei or me, or a noun or name, e.g.
ev a welas he saw
hei a sedhas she sat
me a dheuth I came
It is also used with <vedh> will be/ shall be, the future tense of boas to be. An adjective, noun, occupation, etc. follows the <a vedh>, e.g.
ev a vedh he will be
hei a vedh she will be
me a vedh I will be
We can expand these with appropriate descriptions, e.g.
Ev a vedh da. He will be good.
Hei a vedh teg. She will be beautiful.
Me a vedh coth. I shall be old.
Jana a vedh flogh da. Jane will be a good child.
Ev a vedh y sira. He will be his father.
For a negative statement the verbal particle <a> is replaced by different particle <na>, which then starts the sentence. (Some persons need a slight modification of <vedh>.), e.g.
Na vedh hei teg. She will not be beautiful.
Na vedho vy coth. I shall not be old.
Na vedh Jana flogh da. Jane will not be a good child.
Na vedh ev y sira. He will not be his father.
A sentence starting with the verb without any verbal particle is a question, though some people do write the verbal particle <a>.
Vedha vy rych? Will I be rich?
Vedh ev lel? Will he be faithful?
Vedh hei dama dha? Will she be a good mother?