With and without are two very useful concepts that can expand your vocabulary:
v) For with use gen before a consonant or gans before a vowel or letter h, e.g.
gen kei with a dog
gen leth with milk
gen con with sugar
gans an kei with the dog
gans hedna with that
gans o dama with my mother
We can combine these with some of the last lesson:
Ma hei o moas gen kei. She is going with a dog.
Ma te gen leth. There is tea with milk.
Ma va (owth) eva te gen con. He is drinking tea with sugar.
Ma hei o toas gans an kei. She is coming with the dog.
Gans hedna, ma va o moas tre. With that, he goes home.
vi) For without use heb, e.g.:
te heb con tea without sugar
Te heb con, mar pleg! Tea without sugar, please!
Eus te heb leth? Is there tea without milk?
heb tra veth oll without anything at all