2022 Dedh Cans Trei Ügens ha Nawnjek
Tuesday, 28 June 2022
Monday, 27 June 2022
Here are some more sentence using the verbs kerdhes to walk and pònya to run with a variety of auxiliary verbs and constructions.
Piw eus ow kerdhes en syger? Who is walking slowly?
Piw ew an benenes üjy ow kerdhes üskis? Who are the women who are walking fast?
Ma va ow kerdhes en syger. He is walking slowly.
Nag üjy hei ow kerdhes üskis. She is not walking fast.
Piw a wrüg kerdhes mar syger? Who walked so slowly?
Hei wrüg kerdhes en üskis. She walked quickly.
A wrüg anjei kerdhes en syger? Did they walk slowly?
Na wrügons pònya en üskis. They did not run quickly.
Da ew ganjo pònya en üskis. He likes running fast.
Ew da genjy kerdhes en syger? Does she like walking slowly?
Nag ew da ganjans kerdhes en syger. They do not like walking slowly.
Gerowgh ev dhe gerdhes en syger! Let him walk slowly!
Na erowgh hei pònya mar üskis! Don't let her run so fast!
Gerowgh anjei dhe bònya en üskis! Let them run quickly!
Hei a res kerdhes en syger. She must walk slowly.
Res ew dhodho pònya en üskis. He has to run quickly.
Nag ew res dhodhans kerdhes. They do not have to walk.
Sunday, 26 June 2022
Sunday, 26th June
Building up our Cornish language Part 28c
3 sg vedn ~ vydn,
m: vedn e ~ ev, vedna va,
f: vedn hei
3 pl vedons, vedn ~ vydn anjei
Any subject can be used before a vedn,
e.g. ev a vedn he will
an vebyon a vedn the boys will
Tamsin a vedn Thomasina will
Conditional (Also forms an) Imperfect.
3 sg venja,
m: venja va, venja e ~ ev,
f: venja hei
3 pl venjans, venja anjei
We will use these with the verbs
pònya to run and kerdhes to walk
along with adverbs üskis fast, quickly and syger slowly.
N.B. In Late Cornish adjectives can be used adverbially or preceded by the adverbial particle en.
Present-future 3s examples
Ev a vedn pònya üskis. He will run quickly. He wants to run quickly.
Vedna va pònya üskis? Will he run quickly? Does he want to run fast?
Na vedn hei pònya üskis. She won't run quickly. She doesn't want to run quickly.
A na vedn hei pònya üskis? Won't she run quickly? Does she not want to run fast?
Conditional/imperfect 3s examples
Ev a venja kerdhes en syger. He would walk slowly. He'd like to walk slowly. He wanted to walk slowly.
Venja va pònya üskis? Would he run quickly? Would he like to run quickly? Did he want to run quickly?
Na venja hei kerdhes en syger. She wouldn't walk slowly. She wouldn't like to walk slowly. She didn't want to walk slowly.
A na venja hei kerdhes en syger? Wouldn't she walk slowly? Wouldn't she like to walk slowly? Didn't she want to walk slowly?
Present-future 3p examples
Anjei a vedn kerdhes en syger. They will walk slowly. They want to walk slowly.
Vedn anjei kerdhes en syger? Will they walk slowly? Do they want to walk slowly?
Na vedons kerdhes en syger. They will not walk slowly. They don't want to walk slowly.
A na vedons pònya üskis? Won't they run fast? Do they not want to run quickly?
Conditional/imperfect 3p examples
Anjei venja kerdhes en syger. They would walk slowly. They would like to walk slowly.
Venjans kerdhes üskis? Would they walk fast? Would they like to walk fast? Did they want to walk quickly?
Na venja anjei kerdhes üskis. They wouldn't walk quickly. They wouldn't like to walk fast. They didn't want to walk fast.
A na venjans kerdhes syger? Wouldn't they walk slowly? Wouldn't they like to walk slowly? Didn't they want to walk slowly?
Saturday, 25 June 2022
2022 Dedh Cans Trei Ügens ha Whetek
Saturday, 25th June
There is a Cornish proverb recorded by Ustick: Winter in summer until Midsummer, and summer in winter until Christmas. The weather in Cornwall can always change unexpectedly. Yesterday we celebrated Midsummer, can we expect summery weather from time to time for the next six months? I hope! The second half of the year is starting and today is the first day of "Speak Cornish Week". Let's make now "Speak Cornish Year".
Friday, 24 June 2022
Thursday, 23 June 2022
Cressya emann agan tavas Kernôwek Radn 28b pejys
Building up our Cornish language Part 28b continued
You should already be able to understand these sentences:
With bos locative
Piw eus ow rei tra veth? Who is giving nothing?
Piw ew an den üjy ow rei neppeth? Who is the man giving something?
Thera nei ow rei neppeth . We are giving something.
Nag era nei ow cawas tra veth. We are not getting anything.
Piw a wrüg cawas neppeth? Who got something? Who had something?
Nei wrüg cawas neppeth. We got something. We had something.
A wresso whei cawas neppeth? Did you have something?
Na wrüga whei rei tra veth. You did not give anything.
With bos descriptive
Da via genen cawas neppeth. We would like to have something.
Ew da genowgh cawas neppeth? Do you like getting something?
Nag ew da gena nei rei neppeth. We do not like giving something.
Imperatives with gwil and gara
Gwrewgh cawas neppeth! Get something! Do have something!
Na wrewgh rei tra veth! Don't give nothing! Don't give anything!
Gerowgh nei dhe rei neppeth! Let us give something!
Nei a res cawas neppeth. We must have something. We must get something. We have to have something.
Res ew dhen cawas neppeth. We must have something.
Nag ew res dhe nei cawas tra veth. We do not have to have anything.