Wednesday, 25 February 2015

Learn Late Cornish Bit by Bit 53 (A Bit About Yourself)

A Bit About Yourself

If you are going to talk about yourself you need to remember the two forms of boas to be. Use the descriptive tho vy I am for your personal characteristics and the locative thero vy with a verb for anything you do. Where you have a choice of word order, the important information comes first, depending on the circumstances, e.g.:

Tho vy benyn yonk.                         I am a young woman.
                                                          (in contrast to someone else)
Coth lowr o vy.                                I am quite old.
                                                         (rather than any other age)
Bloodh vy ew trei ügens.               I am sixty years old.
                                                         (My years are three score.)
Thero vy o triga en Truru               I live in Truro.
Thero vy trigys en Truru.[1]          I live in Truro.
Thero vy o conis en lowar’.           I work in a garden.
Nag ero vy o conis.                       I don’t work.
Omdednys o vy.                            I am retired.
                                                        (as opposed to being something else)
Tho vy medhek.                             I am a doctor.
                                                        (in contrast to someone else)
Nag eus whel dhebm.                    I have no work. I’m out of work.
Blew vy ew loos.                            My hair is grey.
                                                         (in contrast to someone else’s hair)
Ma pedn dü dhebm.                       I have black hair (head).
Ma barv[2] gwidn dhe vy.             I have a white beard.
Lagajow vy ew blou.                      My eyes are blue.
                                                        (in contrast to someone else’s eyes)
Hir o vy.                                          I am tall. (rather than short)

There is an alternative, idiomatic form you can use for describing others:
Den dü y var’ …                            A man with a black beard …
Üdn venyn melyn hy blew …       One woman with blonde hair …
Here is a selection of extra vocabulary you might find useful:

beautiful           teg
big                    broas
fat                     tew
heavy               poos
light                  scav
naughty            drog
short                  berr
slim                   moon
small                 bian
strong               crev
sweet                wheg
thin                   tanow
ugly                     hager[3]
weak                     gwadn
bald                      mool
blonde                   melyn
brown                   donak
curly                      crüllys
dark                       tewal
green                     glas, gwer
red                         rous
straight                  compes
white                      gwydn

A children’s rhyme:

Blew crüllys, blew crüllys,           Curly locks, curly locks,
Ven’ta che boas dhe vy?              Wilt thou be mine?
Na wra che golhy lestry,               Thou shalt not wash dishes.
Na whath boosa mogh.                 Nor yet feed the swine.
Che ’wra sedha war bluvek          Thou shalt sit on a cushion
Ha gwrias gwry fin,                        And sew a fine seam,
Ha debry sevy,                               And dine upon strawberries,
Dehen ha con.                                Sugar and cream.

[1] Thero vy trigys  is a “stock phrase”
[2] In RLC we do not pronounce the final [v] of barv 
[3] goes before the noun

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