Adding Bits to Words
Some nouns and adjectives which are one syllable are turned into verbs by adding a short ending, such as -a, -ya, -as, e.g.:
glassa to become green
gras thanks, thankfulness, grace
grassa to thank, to give thanks
Notice that the monosyllable, ending in a single consonant, has a long vowel. Doubling the consonant before adding the ending makes the vowel short. Even without doubling the consonant, the vowel in the penultimate syllable is shorter.
hasa to scatter seed, to sow
cribas to comb, to rake
gleb damp, wet
glybya to dampen, to get wet
park a park
parkya to park (or to enclose a field)
lenel to fill
Where the monosyllable ends in two consonants the vowel is already short, so there is no need to further double it.
gwask a press, pressure
gwasca to press
Some other nouns and adjectives which are one syllable are turned into verbs by adding
–he on the end, e.g.:
glanhe to clean
gockihe to be silly
gwadnhe to weaken
crefhe to strengthen
lowenhe to make happy
nes closer, nearer
neshe to draw nearer, to approach
pell far, distant
pellhe to send away, to distance
tewlhe to darken (something)
Somewhere between 1660 and 1700 Nicholas Boson wrote “Nebbaz Gerriau dro tho Carnoack”. This starts “Gun Tavas Carnoack eu mar pell gwadn hez, uz na ellen skant quatiez tho ewellaz crefhe arta…”, which he translated as “Our Cornish tongue hath been so long in the Wane, that We can hardly hope to see it increase (rally) again, …”
In SWFL this would be:
’Gan tavas Kernowek ew mar bell gwadnhes es na ellen scant qwaytyas dh’y weles crefhe arta, …
Here are examples using some of the words above:
E’n Gwenton, Yar Rous Vian a gavas has.
In the Spring, Little Red Hen found some seed.
Nena, hei a hasas an gwaneth.
Then, she sowed the wheat.
Ma loor leun haneth. There is a full moon this evening.
Ma Whevrel o lenel an creunyow rag Meurth.
February fills the dams for March.
E’n mettin avarr tho whath tewal.
In the early morning it was still dark.
And here are some related Bible bits:
… ha thera tewlder war vejeth an downder,
and darkness was upon the face of the deep
… ha Düw a dhiberthas an golow dorth an tewlder.
and God divided the light from the darkness
… ha’n tewlder ev a greias Nos and the darkness he called Night
… losow o ton has the herb yielding seed
 this can also be spelt <grâss> with double ss to show it is unvoiced and a circumflex to show that it is a long vowel
 pronounced [haze] – but not with the standard English diphthong!
 pronounced [kreeb]
 Gendall has crîb and crîban
 Surfers off Fistral Beach at Newquay wait eagerly for the arrival of the large wave called the “Cribba” caused when the right conditions occur at a reef off the coast (O.S. maps have wrong spelling).
 Gendall also has crîba
 pronounced approximately as [glabe], RMC spelling (different pronunciation) glyb
 pronounced [CRANEyow]
 notice that the noun has been made by adding –der to the shortened adjective