A Bit About Adverbs
So far we have seen a number of adverbs that describe place, e.g.:
Ma’n den o toas obma. The man is coming here.
Ma kei obma. There is a dog here.
Ma cath ena. There is a cat there.
Ma den o moas ena. There is a man going there.
tre home, back
Thero’vy o moas tre. I’m going home.
Some of them begin with a- meaning of or from, e.g.:
alebma hence, of here
Voyd alebma! Get out of here!
alena thence, of there
Ma va o toas mes alena. He’s coming out of there.
We can add others beginning with a- to our list. Here are just a few examples:
abres early, on time, timely
ales away, abroad
Adhesempis Alys a welas conin gwydn.
Suddenly Alice saw a white rabbit.
Boson eth ales dhe scoll. Boson went away to school.
Venja whei doas adreus? Would you like to come across/over?
An vowes a gerdhas arag. The girl walked forward.
Rim rag Flehes
Ma o’ sedha war an vos diw heckamol’,
Two little dicky birds are sitting on the wall,
An eyl henwys Peder, y gila henwys Pol
One named Peter, the other named Paul.
Kew’ ales Peder! Kew’ ales Pol! Go away Peter! Go away Paul!
Dew’ tre Peder! Dew’ tre Pol! Come back Peter! Come back Paul!
We also have adverbs that describe time, e.g.:
Pandra wra whei gwil lebmyn? What will you do now?
Nena Erod a veu engrys. Then Herod was angry.
Me eth dhe’n wariva de. I went to the theatre yesterday.
Me a wra doas scon. I’ll come soon.
Ma va ena solabres. He’s already there.
haneth tonight, this evening
old saying (c.f. “One good turn deserves another.”):
Mar medno’whei moas gena vy haneth,
If you will go with me tonight,
me a vedn moas gena whei avorow.
I will go with you tomorrow.
We have met adverbs of intensity, which come before an adjective, e.g.:
Pur lowen o anjei. They were very happy.
An gath o drog. The cat was bad.
Pur dhrog o an gath. The cat was very bad.
Re leun ew an hanath na. That mug is too full.
An cota ew costek. The coat is expensive.
Re gostek ew an cota . The coat is too expensive.
Mar gostek ew hebma. This is so expensive.
and one that comes after an adjective:
lowr quite, enough
Fatla genes? Da lowr. How are you? Quite well/ O.K.
We can add to these adverbs of frequency, e.g.:
neb pres sometime, at any time
pub pres always, all the time
rag nevra venitha for ever and ever
byscath never (in the past)
Hei alja doas neb pres. She could come at any time.
Thero’vy pub pres e’n gegin. I am always in the kitchen.
Me a’th car rag nevra venitha. I love you for ever and ever.
Na wrüga vy byscath gweles lever Kernowek.
I never saw a Cornish book.
 when motion is implied you can use bys obma instead of obma
 when motion is implied you can use bys dei or bystei instead of ena
 You may see these adverbs written with a hyphen, e.g. a-dhesempis, etc.
 Nicholas Williams gives yn sodyn
 Can be followed by dhe to form a preposition
 Pronunciation stress on last syllable.
 Middle Cornish <fos> is pronounced the same as <vos> after definite article!
 Current SWF spelling seulabres does not correspond to our pronunciation.
 Remember that they cause a soft mutation of some consonants.
 sometimes reduced to <besca>. SWFM bythkweyth