Wednesday, 31 December 2014

Learn Late Cornish Bit by Bit 6 (Pronouns 1)

Pronouns 1

These can be used as the subjects of a verb, or as possessive adjectives. Still with the 3rd person singular, ew and ma can be made more personal and precise.

he, his                                                  ev[1] (after a consonant)
                                                                 va (after a vowel)
she, her                                                hei

e.g. Descriptive form:

Jory ew ev.                                           He  is George.
Kettern ew hei.                                     She is Kate.
Teg ew hei .[2]                                      She is lovely.
Hager ew ev.                                         He is ugly.

As before, if you start the sentence with Ew it is a question, but a more precise one with the inclusion of a personal pronoun, e.g.

Ew e’[3] Jory?                                       Is he George?
Ew hei Kettern?                                    Is she Kate?
Ew hei teg?                                           Is she lovely?
Ew ev hager                                          Is he ugly?

The verbal particle Th stops it being a question, e.g.

Thewa Jory.                                            He is George.
Thew hei Kettern.                                   She is Kate.
Thew hei teg.                                          She is lovely.
Thew ev hager                                        He is ugly.

And, again, Th can be replaced by Nag to make a negative sentence e.g.

Nag ew e’ Jory.                                       He is not George.
Nag ew hei Kettern.                                She is not Kate.
Nag ew hei teg.                                       She is not lovely.
Nag ew ev hager.                                    He is not ugly.

Using the pronouns as possessive adjectives, after a noun[4]:

Thew an kei ev.                                       It is his dog.
Thew an peth hei.                                   It is her thing. It is hers.

e.g. Locative form:

Ma va[5] war an ladn.                              He is on the bank.
Ma hei e’n wedhen.                                 She is in the tree.
Ma va et an gwely.                                   He is in the bed.
Ma hei reb tan.                                         She is by a fire.
Ma hei e’n gegin.                                     She is in the kitchen.

[1] Before a consonant this can be abbreviated to <e’>.
[2] The weather is always feminine, so this can apply to a nice day.
[3] This could even be further contracted to Ewa Jory?
[4] See later for possessive adjectives to use before the noun.
[5] In RLC we may write <mava> as one word.

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